Muslim scholars not only preserved the ancient knowledge of China, India, and Greece, but transformed them as well into major new contributions to basic science and technology. The contributions were in fields such as astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, philosophy, geography, and physics, which constitute the basis of modern science and technologies. However, today few realize that in that era, Islam played an important role in all aspects of life. Europe faced losing the works of major scholars, but as a result of their translations into Arabic most of this scholarship not only survived, but was further developed. Inspired by the Qur’an and hadiths, Muslims sought knowledge for the benefit of humankind. As the Qur’an says,
Are those who know equal to those who know not? (Qur’an 39:9)
Science and technology can prosper among Muslims again, and other peoples, if the conditions for free inquiry, proper incentives, institutional support, and the benefits of science are encouraged.