Introduction

According to the famous scientist Albert Einstein, “Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.” Likewise, Francis Bacon, a renowned philosopher, rightly said that a little knowledge of science makes you an atheist (somebody who does not believe in God), but an in-depth study of science makes you a believer in God. A critical analysis reveals that most of Muslim scientists and scholars during the ‘Golden Age of Islam’ (750 – 1257) were also eminent scholars of Islam and theology. Philosophers, scientists and engineers of the Islamic world contributed immensely to scientific knowledge, cultural arts, civilization and architecture.